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International

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil 1954

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972

Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1976

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78)

International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation, 1990 (OPRC)

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances (HNS) by Sea 1996

The International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships 2001

How will leaving the EU change things?

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Environmental laws that come from Europe will continue to apply for the time being.

European

Environmental Liability Directive 2004/35/EC
Deals with serious environmental incidents. Requires people and businesses that cause damage to prevent and remediate the harm. Applies to marine pollution incidents like oil spills if they damage protected habitats or species, or coastal waters.
Marine Strategy Framework Directive 2008/56/EC
Aims to achieve good environmental status in Europe’s seas by 2020. Requires member states to assess the state of their seas, set standards and introduce a programme of measures for achieving good environmental status.

National

Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009
Introduces a new framework for managing the many demands placed on the sea, improving marine conservation and opening up access for the public to the English coast. Key topics covered include marine planning, marine licences and marine conservation zones.
Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) (England) Regulations 2015, SI 2015/810
Implement the Environmental Liability Directive in England.
Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) (Wales) Regulations 2009, SI 2009/995
Implement the Environmental Liability Directive in Wales.
Environmental Damage (Prevention and Remediation) (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2015, SI 2015/1394
Extend the liability regime in Wales to cover damage that significantly adversely affects the environmental status of marine waters.
Marine Strategy Regulations 2010, SI 2010/1627
Implement the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.

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